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连翘
更新时间:2020-1-6 浏览964
相关说明:
连翘又名黄花条、连壳、青翘、落翘、黄奇丹等,果实入药。连翘是清热解毒的中药,主治热病初起,风热感冒,发热,心烦,咽喉肿痛,急性肾炎等。连翘早春先叶开花,花开香气淡艳,满枝金黄,艳丽可爱,是早春优良观花灌木。

基本信息 

     1. ZHONGYAOMING:LIANQIAO

  2. MENGYAOMING:XIRIYISULONGGA

  3. YINGWENMING:Weeping Forsythia

  4. XUEMING:Forsythia suspensa (Thunb.) vahl.

  5. BIEMING:YICHUANJIN,HANLIANZI、HUANGQIDAN、LIANQIAO、HUANGHUATIAO、HUANGLIANTIAOHUA、GANCAO、QINGQIAO、LUOQIAO、HUANGSHOUDAI、HUANGSHOUDAN、HUANGJINTIAO。

  6. RUYAOBUFEN:MUXIKELIANQIAODEGUOSHIRUYAO。

  7. CAIJIJIAGONG:QIUJIGUOSHISHANGDAILVSESHICAISHOU,CHUQUZAZHI,ZHENGSHU,SHAIGAN(QINGQIAO);GUOSHISHUTOUSHICAISHOU,CHUQUZAZHI,SHAIGAN(LAOQIAO);CAISHOUZHONGZI(LIANQIAOXIN)。

  8. XINGWEIGONGNENG:ZHONGYAOWEIKU,XINGWEIHAN。QINGREJIEDU,SANJIEXIAOZHONG。MENGYAOWEIKU,XINGLIANG。QING“XIERI”,ZHIXIE。

  9. ZHUZHI:ZHONGYAOZHIREBINGCHUQI,FENGREGANMAO,FARE,XINFAN,YANHOUZHONGTONG,BANZHEN,DANDU,LUOLI,YONGCHUANGZHONGDU,JIXINGSHENYAN,RELIN。MENGYAOZHIHUANGDAN,CHANGCITONG,“XIERI”BING,CHANGRE。

  10. YONGLIANGYONGFA:ZHONGYAO6—9KE,SHUIJIANFU,HUORUWANSANJI。MENGYAORUWANSANTANGJI。

  11. SHIYONGZHUYI:YONGCHUANGYIKUIZHESHENYONG。

习性特征  连翘的萌生能力强,在平茬后的根桩或干支,都能繁殖萌生,较快地增加分株的数量,增大分布幅度。连翘枝条的连年生长不强,更替比较快,随树龄的增加,萌生枝以及萌生枝上发出的短枝,其生长均逐年减少,并且短枝由斜向生长转为水平生长。据调查,8年-12年生植株,4年萌生枝上的一年生短枝是最多的,以后逐渐减少。连翘的丛高和枝展幅度不同年龄阶段变化不大。连翘枝条更替快,萌生枝长出新枝后,逐渐向外侧弯斜,所以尽管植株不断抽生新的短枝,但是高度基本维持在一个水平上。

  XIGUANG,YOUYIDINGCHENGDUDENAIYINXING;NAIHAN;NAIGANHANJIBO,PALAO;BUZETURANG;KANGBINGCHONGHAINENGLIQIANG。

形态特征

  

LIANQIAOSHANGPINCHENGZHANGLUANXINGHUOLUANXING,ZHANG1-2.5LIMI,ZHIJING0.5-1.3LIMI,BIAOMIANHUANGZONGSE,YOUZONGZHOUWENJIDUOSHUTUQIDEXIAOBANDIAN,LIANGMIANGEYOU1TIAOMINGXIANDEZONGGOU。DINGDUANRUIJIAN,JIBUOUYOUGUOBING。GUOPIYINGCUI,DUANMIANPINGTAN。QINGQIAOGUOSHIWANZHENG,BIAOMIANLVHESE,DADUOWUYOUZHUANGTUQI,NEIYOUDUOSHUZHONGZIZHESHENG,HUANGLVSE,XIZHANG,YICEYOUCHI。QINGQIAOYIGANZAO、SEHEILV、BULIEKOUZHEWEIJIA;LAOQIAOYISEZONGHUANG、QIAOHOU、XIANGUANGZEZHEWEIJIA。YAOYONGBUWEI:ZHIZHUDEGUOSHI。

  LIANQIAODANYEDUISHENG,ZHITIAOZHONGKONG。

  SHANGPINGUIGEBIAOZHUN:JUGUOJIAYIYAOGUANLIJU、ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOWEISHENGBUZHIDINGDEYAOCAISHANGPINGUIGEBIAOZHUN,LIANQIAOFENHUANGQIAOHEQINGQIAO2ZHONGGUIGE。

  LIANQIAOSHANGPINGUIGEBIAOZHUN

  LIANQIAOLianqiao FRUCTUS FORSYTHIAEWEIMUXIKEZHIWULIANQIAOForsythia suspensa(Thunb.) Vahl.DEGANZAOGUOSHI。

  HUANGQIAO TONGHUO GANHUO。CHENGZHANGLUANXINGHUOLUANXING,LIANGDUANXIAJIAN,DUOFENLIEWEILIANGBAN。BIAOMIANYOUYITIAOMINGXIANDEZONGGOUHEBUGUIZEDEZONGZHOUWENJITUQIXIAOBANDIAN,JIANYOUCANLIUGUOBING,BIAOMIANZONGHUANGSE,NEIMIANQIANHUANGZONGSE,PINGHUA,NEIYOUZONGGE。ZHIJIANCUI。ZHONGZIDUOYITUOLUO。QIWEIXIANG,WEIKU。WUZHIGENG、ZHONGZI、ZAZHI、MEIBIAN。

  QINGQIAOZHISHANXISHENGCAISHOUGONGYING。HUANGQIAOSHIHENAN、SHANXIDENGDICHAN,YINGFANGZHIQIANGSHOUQINGCAISHOU。

  QINGQIAO TONGHUO GANHUO。CHENGXIALUANXINGZHILUANXING,LIANGDUANXIAJIAN,DUOBUKAILIE。BIAOMIANQINGLVSE,LVHESE,YOULIANGTIAOZONGGOUHETUQIXIAOBANDIAN,NEIYOUZONGGE。ZHIJIANYING。QIFANGXIANG,WEIKU。JIANYOUCANLIUGUOBING。WUZHIYEJIKUQIAO,ZAZHI、MEIBIAN。(CHANGYONGZHONGYAOCAI)

繁殖培育

  KEQIANCHA、BOZHONG、FENZHUFANZHI。QIANCHAYU2YUE~3YUEJINXING。BOZHONGYOUZAIQIUJI10YUECAIZHONGHOU,JINGSHISHACENGJIYUYINIAN2YUE~3YUETIAOBO。MIAOMUYIZAIYULUOYEQIJIANXUANXIANGYANGERPAISHUILIANGHAODEFEIWOTURANGSHANGZAIZHI;MEINIANHUAHOUJIANCHUKUZHI、RUOZHIYEJIGUOMI、GUOLAOZHITIAO,TONGSHIZHUYIGENJISHIFEI。BUSHIFEIWENTIYEBUSHITAIDA,YINWEISHIFEIGUODEDEHUA,XUDUOHUAHUIZHIHUIZHANGYEZI,BUHUIZHANGHUA,ERZHEIZHONGZHIWUDESHENGMINGLIHENWANQIANG,JIHUKEYISHENGZHANGZAIRENHEZHILIANGDETURANGLI。

栽培技术

  1.XUANDI、ZHENGDI XUANZEDIKUAIXIANGYANG、TURANGFEIWO、ZHIDISHUSONG、PAISHUILIANGHAODESHARANGTU,YUQIUJIJINXINGGENGFAN,GENGSHEN20 - 25LIMI,JIEHEZHENGDISHIJIFEI,MEIMUSHIQUANFEI2000 -2500QIANKE,RANHOUPAXIZHENGPING。ZHIBODIANZHUXINGJU130LIMI×200LIMI,XUESHENYUXUEJING30 - 40LIMI;YUMIAODIZUOCHENG1MIKUANDEPINGQI,ZHANGDUSHIDIXINGERDING。

  2.FANZHIFANGSHI YIZHONGZIFANZHIHEQIANCHAYUMIAOWEIZHU,YIKEYATIAO、FENZHUFANZHI。

(1)种子繁殖

  ZHIBONANFANGYU3YUESHANG、ZHONGXUN,BEIFANGYU4YUESHANGXUN,ZAIYIBEIHAODEXUEKENGZHONGWA1XIAOKENG,SHENYUE3LIMI,XUANZECHENGSHUBAOMANWUBINGHAIDEZHONGZI,MEIKENGBO5-10LI,FUTUHOUSHAOYA,SHIZHONGZIYUTURANGJINMIJIEHE。YIBAN3-4NIANHOUKAIHUAJIEGUO。

  YUMIAOYIZAI:ZAIZHENGPINGPAXIDEMIAOCHUANGSHANG,ANXINGJU20LIMIKAI1LIMISHENDEGOU,JIANGZHONGZICHANXISHAJUNYUNDISARUGOUNEI,FUTUHOUSHAOYA,MEIMUYONGZHONGZI2QIANKE。CHUNBOBANYUEZUOYOUCHUMIAO,MIAOGAO5LIMIJINXINGDINGMIAO,GAO10LIMISHISONGTUCHUCAO,MEIMUZHUISHINIAOSU10QIANKE,JIAOSHUISHISUISHUISHIRU,CUJINYOUMIAOSHENGZHANG。DANGNIANQIUHUODIERNIANCHUNMENGDONGQIANYIZAI。ANZHUXINGJU120LIMI×150LIMI,XUEJING30LIMI,SHIZAFEI5QIANKE,YUTUHUNYUN,ZAIMIAO2-3ZHU,TIANTUZHIBANXUE,SHAOJIANGYOUMIAOSHANGTIYIXIA,SHIGENSHUZHAN,ZAIFUTUTIANMAN,TASHI。RUOTURANGGANHAN,YIZAIHOUYAOJIAOSHUI,SHUISHENXIAZAIPEITUBAOSHANG。

  

(2)扦插育苗

  YUXIAJIYINYUTIAN,JIANG1-2NIANSHENGDENENZHIZHONGSHANGBUJIANCHENG30LIMIZHANGDECHATIAO,ZAIMIAOCHUANGSHANGANZHUXINGJU5LIMI×30LIMI,KAI20LIMISHENDEGOU,XIEBAIZAIGOUNEI,RANHOUFUTUYAJIN,BAOCHIQICHUANGSHIRUN,DANGNIANJIKESHENGGENCHENGHUO,DIERNIANCHUNMENGDONGQIANYIZAI。

  3.TIANJIANGUANLI ZHONGZIFANZHIDEYOUMIAOQI,DANGMIAOGAO20LIMISHICHUCAO、SONGTUHEJIANMIAO。JIANMIAOSHIMEIXUELIU2ZHU,SHISHIJIAOSHUI。MIAOGAO30 - 40LIMISHI,KESHIXIFENNIAOSHUI1CI,CUQISHENGZHANG。ZHUGANGAO70 - 80LIMISHIJIANQUDINGSHAO,DUOFACEZHI,PEIYUCHENGZHUZHI。YIHOUZAIZHUZHISHANGXUANLIU3-4GEZHUANGZHIPEIYUCHENGFUZHUZHI,FANGCHUCEZHI,TONGGUOZHENGXINGXIUJIAN,SHIQIXINGCHENGDIYUAIGUAN、NEIKONGWAIYUAN、TONGFENGTOUGUANG、XIAOZHISHULANG、TIZAOJIEGUODEZIRANKAIXINXINGZHIXING。SUISHIJIANQUXIRUOZHIJITUZHANGZHIHEBINGCHONGZHI。JIEGUOQIKESHINONGJIAFEIHELIN、JIAFEI,CUQIZUOGUOZAOSHU。

 

田间管理

  ①YIZAI。YIBANCAIYONGXUEZAI,XUEJU2MI×1.5MI,MEIXUESHISHAOLIANGFUSHUDEDUIFEIHUOJIUFEI,ZAISHISHIGENZIRANSHUZHAN,MAITUYASHI。LIANQIAODEJIEGUOLVHENDI,ZAIYIZAISHIBIXUSHIZHANGHUAZHUZHIZHUHEDUANHUAZHUZHIZHUXIANGJIANZAIPEI,ZHEIYANGNENGDADATIGAOLIANQIAOJIEGUOLV

  ②HELIJIANZHIHEZHUIFEI。LIANQIAOJIBUDEMENGYANENGLIHENQIANG,MEINIANDOUCHOUCHURUOGANTUZHANGZHI,ZAOCHENGYANGFENFENSAN,JIEGUOLVJIANGDI,RUOYUSHILIANQIAOJIEGUODUO,BIXUJINXINGHELIXIUJIAN,QURUOBAOQIANG。KEJIXIUJIANSHI,YISHUJIANWEIZHU,CHUMEIDUNBAOCHI3~7KESHENGZHANGWANGSHENGDEZHUGANWAI,QIYUSHOURUODE、KULAODE、SHISHUAILAODEZHITIAOYINGSHIQINGKUANGJIANCHU。XIUJIANHOUZHUISHIFUSHUDEDUIFEIHUOJIUFEI,YEKEPEISHIGUOLINSUANGAI,ZAIZHUPANGKAIGOUSHIRUHOUFUTU。6YUEJIANCONGJIBUQINGCHUXINFADEDUOYUDETUZHANGZHI,BINGSHIJUXIUQINGKUANGJINXINGDATOUZHAIXINDENG。SUIWAI,ZAIYIZAIHOUWEICHENGLINQIAN,YINGJISHIZHONGGENGCHUCAO,ZAIXINGJIANKEJIANZHONGQITAAIGANZHONGCAOYAOHUOQITAZUOWU。

  CAISHOUYUJIAGONG

  YAOYONGFEN“QINGQIAO”、“HUANGQIAO”(YECHENGLAOQIAO)LIANGZHONG。“QINGQIAO”ZAI9YUESHANGXUN,GUOPICHENGQINGSESHANGWEICHENGSHUSHICAIXIA,ZHIFEISHUIZHONGSHAOZHUPIANKEHUOFANGZHENGLONGNEIFANYUEBANXIAOSHI,QUCHUSHAIGAN。YISEQINGLVWEIJIA。“HUANGQIAO”10YUESHANGXUNGUOSHISHUTOUBIANHUANG、GUOQIAOLIEKAISHICAISHOU,SHAIQUZHONGZI(KEZUOZHONGYONG)、ZAZHI、SHAIGANJICHENG,YISEHUANG、QIAOHOU、WUZHONGZIWEIJIA。

价值用途

园林

  LIANQIAOZAOCHUNXIANYEKAIHUA,HUAKAIXIANGQIDANYAN,MANZHIJINHUANG,YANLIKEAI,SHIZAOCHUNYOULIANGGUANHUAGUANMU。SHIYIYUZHAIPANG、TINGJIE、QIANGYU、LIXIAYULUBIANPEIZHI,YEYIYUXIBIAN、CHIPAN、YANSHI、JIASHANXIAZAIZHONG。YINGENXIFADA,KEZUOHUALIHUOHUDISHUZAIZHI。

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