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油松
更新时间:2020-1-6 浏览2124
相关说明:
油松原产中国。自然分布范围广,辽宁、吉林、内蒙古、河北、河南、山西、陕西、山东、甘肃、宁夏、青海、四川北部等地。朝鲜亦有分布。为阳性树种,浅根性,喜光、抗瘠薄、抗风,在土层深厚、排水良好的酸性、中性或钙质黄土上,-25℃的气温下均能生长。集安市岭南分布较广。

简介

  油松出自《本草经集注》;《本草图经》:“方书言松为五粒,字当读为鬣,音之误也。言每五鬣为一叶,或有两鬣、七鬣者。松岁久则实繁,中原虽有,然不及塞上者佳好也。” 《纲目》:“松树,磊砢修耸多节,其皮粗厚有鳞形,其叶后雕。二、三月抽蕤生花,长四、五寸,采其花蕊为松黄。结实状如猪心,叠成鳞砌,秋老则子长鳞裂。然叶有二针、三针、五针之别,三针者为栝子松,五针者为松子松。其子大如柏子,惟辽海及云南者,子大如巴豆可食,谓之海松子。”

  YOUSONGFENBUGUANG,SHIZHONGGUOBEIFANGGUANGDADIQUZUIZHUYAODEZAOLINSHUZHONGZHIYI。YOUSONGSHIYINGXINGQIANG,GENXIFADA,SHUZIXIONGWEI,ZHIYEFANMAO,YOULIANGHAODEBAOCHISHUITUHEMEIHUAHUANJINGDEGONGNENG。ZHONGGUOLAODONGRENMINZAIPEIYOUSONGLISHIYOUJIU。

  CHANGLVQIAOMU,GAODA25m,XIONGJINGKEDA1m。

  SHUGUANYOUNIANWEITAXINGHUOYUANZHUIZHUANGXING,ZHONGNIANSHUCHENGLUANXINGHUOBUZHENGQITIXING。GULILAONIANSHUDESHUGUANWEIPINGDING,BIANYUANXING、SANXINGDENG。GANCUZHUANGZHILI,XINGCHENGSONGLIDESHUXING,YOUSHIYENENGZHANGCHENGWANQUDUOZIDESHUGAN,XIANDECANGJINGTINGBA。

  YOUSONGWEIYANGXINGSHU,YOUSHUNAICEYIN,KANGHANNENGLIQIANG,XIWEISUANJIZHONGXINGTURANG,BUNAIYANJIAN。WEISHENGENXINGSHUZHONG,ZHUGENFADA,CHUIZHISHENRUDIXIA;CEGENYEHENFADA,XIANGSIZHOUSHUIPINGSHENZHAN,DUOJIZHONGYUTURANGBIAOCENG。YOUSONGDUITURANGYANGFENHESHUIFENDEYAOQIUBINGBUYANGE,DANYAOQIUTURANGTONGQIZHUANGKUANGLIANGHAO,GUZAISONGZHITURANGLISHENGZHANGJIAOHAO。RUTURANGZHANJIEHUOSHUIFENGUODUO,TONGQIBULIANG,ZESHENGZHANGBUHAO,BIAOXIANWEIZAOQIGANSHAO。ZAIDIXIASHUIWEIGUOGAODEPINGDIHUOYOUJIJIEXINGJISHUIDEDIFANGBUNENGSHENGZHANG。YOUSONGDEXISHOUGENSHANGYOU

GONGSHENGDEJUNGEN,YINCIZAIZAIPEITIAOJIANSHANGYOUYIDINGDEYAOQIU。

  YOUSONGZAIBEIJINGWULUNSHISHANQUHUOPINGYUANDAOCHUKEJIAN,SHANQUYIBANSHENGZHANGZUIHAO。ZAISHANQUSHENGZHANGDEYOUSONG,DUOZAIYINPO、BANYINPO,TURANGSHIRUNHEJIAOFEIWODEDIFANG。

  YOUSONGZAIXINGDAOSHUSHANGCHENGXINGZHONGZHIDEZHUXINGJU:DASHUCHENGLINZHONGZHIHUOXINGDAOSHUYI6~8mWEIHAO,ZHONGNIANXINGDAOSHUYIBANCAIYONG5~6m。

  YOUSONGKEYUKUAIZHANGSHUCHENGXINGHUNJIAOZHIYULUBIAN,QIYOUDIANSHI:YOUSONGDEZHUGANTINGZHI,FENZHIWANQUDUOZI,YANGLIUZUOTABEIJING,SHUGUANCENGCIYOUBIE,SHUSEBIANHUADUO,JIEJINGFENGFU。DANYOUTURANGRONGYIBANJIEDEQUEDIAN;YOUDEYOUSONGZHONGZHIRENXINGDAONEICEHUOFENCHEDAIZHONG,YUCHEXINGDAOBIANZHONGZHIKUAIZHANGSHU。ZHEIYANGTURANGBIMIANCHE、RENDEPOHUAIHEJIANTA,DUIYOUSONGSHENGZHANGYOULI。

  YOUSONGYOUNIANSHUXICEYIN,ZHONGZHIMIXIESHENGZHANGJIAOHAO,ZHONGNIANYIHOUZHUXINGJUYAOSHIDANGJIADA,GUOMISHENGZHANGBULIANG,CHENGWEIXIAOLAOSHU。

形态特征

  YOUSONG(HONGPISONG、DUANYESONG)Pinus tabulaeformis Carr.,WEISONGKESONGSHUZHENYECHANGLVQIAOMU,GAODA30MI,XIONGJINGKEDA1MI。SHUPIXIABUHUIHESE,LIECHENGBUGUIZELINKUAI,LIEFENGJISHANGBUSHUPIHONGHESE;DAZHIPINGZHANHUOXIEXIANGSHANG,LAOSHU

PINGDING;XIAOZHICUZHUANG,HUANGHESE,YOUGUANGZE,WUBAIFEN;DONGYAZHANGYUANXING,DINGDUANJIAN,WEIJUSHUZHI,YALINHONGHESE。ZHENYE2ZHENYISHU,ANLVSE,JIAOCUYING,ZHANG10-15(20)LIMI,JING1.3-1.5HAOMI,BIANYUANYOUXIJUCHI,LIANGMIANJUNYOUQIKONGXIAN,HENGQIEMIANBANYUANXING,PIXIAXIBAOWEIJIANDUANXINGLIANGCENG,SHUZHIDAO3-8(11),BIANSHENG,JIAOBUHEBEIBUOUYOUZHONGSHENG; YEQIAOCHUCHENGDANHESE,HOUWEIDANHEIHESE。XIONGQIUHUAZHUXING,ZHANG1.2-1.8LIMI,JUSHENGYUXINZHIXIABUCHENGSUIZHUANG;DANGNIANSHENGYOUQIUGUOLUANQIUXING,HUANGHESEHUOHUANGLVSE,ZHILI。QIUGUOLUANXINGHUOLUANYUANXING,ZHANG4-7LIMI,YOUDUANBING,YUZHIJIHUCHENGZHIJIAO,CHENGSHUHOUHUANGHESE,CHANGSUCUNJINIAN;ZHONGBUZHONGLINJINZHANGYUANZHUANGDAOLUANXING,ZHANG1.6-2LIMI,KUAN1.2-1.6LIMI,LINDUNFEIHOU、YOUGUANGZE,BIANLINGXINGHUOBIANLINGZHUANGDUOJIAOXING,HENGJIMINGXIAN,ZONGJIJIHUWU,LINQIMINGXIAN,YOUCIJIAN。ZHONGZIZHANG6-8HAOMI,LIANCHIZHANG1.5-2.0LIMI、CHIWEIZHONGZIZHANGDE2-3BEI。HUAQI5YUE,QIUGUODIERNIAN10YUESHANG、ZHONGXUNCHENGSHU。

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