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    电话:  15027808772

     
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刺槐 洋槐
更新时间:2020-1-6 浏览1076
相关说明:
刺槐又名洋槐,原生于北美洲,现被广泛引种到亚洲、欧洲等地。刺槐树皮厚,暗色,纹裂多;树叶根部有一对1-2毫米长的刺;花为白色,有香味,穗状花序;果实为荚果,每个果荚中有4-10粒种子。刺槐木材坚硬,耐腐蚀,燃烧缓慢,热值高。刺槐花可食用。

形态特征

        LUOYEQIAOMU,GAO10-20MI。SHUPIHUIHEIHESE,ZONGLIE;ZHIJUTUOYEXINGZHENCI,XIAOZHIHUIHESE,WUMAOHUOYOUSHIJUWEIROUMAO。QISHUYUZHUANGFUYE,HUSHENG,JU9-19XIAOYE;YEBINGZHANG1-3LIMI,XIAOYEBINGZHANGYUE2HAOMI,BEIDUANROUMAO,XIAOYEPIANLUANXINGHUOLUANZHUANGZHANGYUANXING,ZHANG2.5-5LIMI,KUAN1.5-3LIMI,JIBUGUANGXIEXINGHUOJINYUANXING,XIANDUANYUANHUOWEIAO,JUXIAOCIJIAN,QUANYUAN,BIAOMIANLVSE,BEIWEIROUMAO,BEIMIANHUILVSEBEIDUANMAO。ZONGZHUANGHUAXUYESHENG,BIYEDUAN,HUAXUZHOUHUANGHESE,BEISHUDUANMAO;HUAGENGZHANG8-13HAOMI。BEIDUANROUMAO,EZHONGZHUANG,JUBUZHENGQIDE5CHILIE,BIAOMIANBEIDUANMAO;HUAGUANBAISE,FANGXIANG,QIBANJINYUANXING,ZHANG18HAOMI,JIBUJUZHUA,XIANDUANWEIAO,YIBANDAOLUANZHUANGZHANGYUANXING,JIBUJUXIZHANGZHUA,DINGDUANYUAN,ZHANG18HAOMI,LONGGUBANXIANGNEIWAN,JIBUJUZHANGZHUA;XIONGRUI10MEI,CHENG9YU1LIANGTI;ZIFANGXIANZHUANGZHANGYUANXING,BEIDUANBAIMAO,HUAZHUJIHUWANCHENGZHIJIAO,JIAGUOBIANPING,XIANZHUANGZHANGYUANXING,ZHANG3-11LIMI,HESE,GUANGHUA。HAN3-10LIZHONGZI,ERBANLIE。HUAGUOQI5-9YUE。

KESHUJIESHAO  

DOUKELeguminosae(HUODIEXINGHUAKEPapilionaceae)CIHUAISHUSHUMU。YOUMINGYANGHUAI。QUANSHUYUE20ZHONG,YUANCHANBEIMEIZHOUWENDAIJIYAREDAI。SHIJIEGEDIQUDOUYOUYINZHONG。ZHONGGUOYU1877~1878NIANYOURIBENYINRU。CHUCIHUAIZAIPEIJIAOPUBIANWAI,BUFENTINGYUANZAIZHIYOUMAOCIHUAI (R.hispida)HEXINMOXIGECIHUAI(R.luxurians)。1949NIANYILAI,CIHUAIDEZAIPEIFANWEIXUNSUKUODAZHIBEIWEI23°~46°,DONGJING124°~86°DE27GESHENG(SHI、ZIZHIQU)。

CIHUAISHU :DIEXINGHUAKE,YUE20ZHONG,FENBUYUMEIZHOU,ZHONGGUOYINRUZAIPEIDEYOUCIHUAIR. pseudoacacia L. HEMAOCIHUAIR. hispida L. 2ZHONG,CHANGJIANYUZHONGBUHEDONGBU,WEITINGYUANGUANSHANGSHUHEXINGDAOSHU。LUOYEQIAOMUHUOGUANMU;YEHUSHENG,QISHUYUZHUANGFUYE,CHANGYOUCIZHUANGDETUOYE;XIAOYEQUANYUAN,YOUXIAOTUOYE;HUAZUCHENGYESHENG、WANCHUIDEZONGZHUANGHUAXU,YOUSHIBUFENHUAWEIBIHUASHOUJING;EZHONGZHUANG,5CHILIE,SHAO2CHUNXING;HUAGUANBAISEHUOZIHONGSE,GEBANJUBING,QIBANYUANXING,WAIFAN,WUFUSHUTI,YIBANLIANZHUANGZHANGYUANXING,LONGGUBANDUN,NEIWAN;XIONGRUI10,ERTI(9+1),HUAYAOTONGXINGHUOHUSHENGDE5MEILVEXIAO;ZIFANGJUBING,YOUPEIZHUDUOKE,HUAZHUNEIWAN,XIANDUANYOUMAO;JIAGUOXIANXING,BIANPING,YANFUFENGYOUXIACHI,2BANLIE,GUOBANBO,YOUSHIMIBUGANGMAO;ZHONGZISHUKE,ZHANGYUANXINGHUOSHENXING,PIANXIE,WUZHONGFU。

变种类型  无刺槐:树冠开扩,树形扫帚,枝条硬挺而无托叶刺。

  QIU HUAI:SHUGUANCHENGQIUZHUANGZHILUANYUANXING,FENZHIXIMI,JINYUWUCIHUOCIJIXIAOERRUAN。XIAOQIAOMU。BUKAIHUAHUOKAIHUAJISHAO

  FENHUACIHUAI:HUALVEYUNFENHONG

生长习性

  CIHUAIXIGUANG。XIWEN

  

CIHUAI

NUANSHIRUNQIHOU,ZAINIANPINGJUNQIWEN8~14℃、NIANJIANGSHUILIANG500~900HAOMIDEDIFANGSHENGZHANGLIANGHAO。CIHUAIDUITURANGYAOQIUBUYAN,SHIYINGXINGHENQIANG。ZUIXITUCENGSHENHOU、FEIWO、SHUSONG、SHIRUNDEFENSHATU、SHARANGTUHERANGTU。DUITURANGSUANJIANDUBUMINGAN。ZAIDITUGUOYUZHANZHONGJIANYING、PAISHUIBULIANGDEZHANTU、CUSHATUSHANGSHENGZHANGBULIANG。SUIYOUYIDINGKANGHANNENGLI,DANZAIJIUHANBUYUDEYANZHONGGANHANJIJIEWANGWANGKUSHAO。BUNAISHUISHI。PAFENG。SHENGZHANGKUAI,SHISHIJIESHANGZHONGYAODESUSHENGSHUZHONG。GENQIAN,SHUGUANNONGMI。JIESHIZAO,CHANLIANGFENGFU。CAIJISHENGZHANGWANGQIZAI15~20NIANYIHOU,ZAIJIAOHAODELIDITIAOJIANXIA,NENGBAOCHIDAO40NIANYISHANG。ZAOLINZUIHAOXUANZEYOUSHUIJIAOTIAOJIAN、PAISHUILIANGHAO、SHENHOUFEIWODESHARANGTUYUMIAO。BOZHONGQIANXIANJINGRESHUIJINZHONG。YICHUNBOWEIZHU,DANCHUNJITEBIEGANHANDEDIFANGYEKEYUJIBOZHONG。ZAOLINFANGFAYINDIERYI:ZAIDONG、CHUNJIDUOFENG,BIJIAOGANZAOHANLENGDIQUKEZAIQIUJIHUOZAOCHUNCAIYONGJIEGANZAOLIN;ZAIQIHOUBIJIAOWENNUANSHIRUNERFENGSHAODEDIFANGKEDAIGANZAOLIN,YICHUNJIZAOLINWEIHAO。CIHUAIDEZHUYAOHAICHONGYOU:BAIYI、YECHAN、TIANNIU、JIE、XIAOZHOUE、HUAIYA、CIHUAICHIE、CIHUAIZHONGZIXIAOFENGDENG。

分布

  YUANCHANBEIMEIDESHUZHONG,GONGYUAN1601NIANJIUYINRUOUZHOU,

  

GONGYUAN1877NIANHOUYINRUZHONGGUO,YINQISHIYINGXINGQIANG、SHENGZHANGKUAI、FANZHIYI、YONGTUGUANGERSHOUDAOHUANYING。ZAIGUONEIYIBIANJIHUABEI、XIBEI、DONGBEINANBUDEGUANGDADIQU。ZAIBEIWEI23°~46°、DONGJING124°~86°DE27GESHENG(SHI、ZIZHIQU)DOUYOUZAIPEI,ERYIHUANGHEZHONGXIAYOUHEHUAIHELIUYUWEIZHONGXIN。CHUIZHIFENBUZUIGAOKEDAHAIBA2100MI。DUOYISHUITUBAOCHILIN、FANGHULIN、XINTANLIN、KUANGZHULINSHUZHONGYINGYONG。CIHUAIYUANCHANDISHIZAILIANGGEWANQUANBUXIANGLIANJIEDEDIYUFENBU,XINGTAIBIANYIFENGFU,TADEGUANSHANGJIAZHIZHUJIANSHOUDAORENMENDEZHONGSHI,YOUQISHIZAILIDITIAOJIANCHA,HUANJINGWURANZHONGDEDIQULVHUA,ZHEISHIBUKEQUESHAODEYUANLINLVHUASHUZHONG。

种植

  JUYOUYIDINGDEKANGHANNENG

  

CIHUAI

LI(RUZAISHIZHISHANDI,KANGHANXINGCHAOGUOCHOUCHUN,ZAISHAHUANGDIQUCHAOGUOJIAYANG),DANZAIJIUHANBUYUDEYANZHONGGANHANJIJIE,WANGWANGKUSHAO,SHENZHIDALIANGSIWANG。BUNAISHUISHI,TURANGSHUIFENGUODUOSHICHANGFASHENGLANGENHEZIWENYUBING,YIZHIZHENGZHUSIWANG。PAFENG,ZAIZHIZAIFENGKOUCHUDELINMUSHENGZHANGHUANMAN,GANXINGWANQU,RONGYIFASHENGFENGZHE、FENGDAO、QINGXIEHUOPIANGUAN。SHENGZHANGKUAI,SHISHIJIESHANGZHONGYAODESUSHENGKUOYESHUZHONGZHIYI。SHUGUANNONGMI。ZHUGENBUFADA,YIBANZAIJUDIBIAO30~50LIMICHUFACHUSHUGENCUZHUANGCEGEN,GENSHENKEDA1.4MI,YEYOUDA6~8MIDE。SHUIPINGGENXIFENBUJIAOQIAN,DUOJIZHONGYUBIAOTUCENG5~50LIMINEI,FANGSHEZHUANGSHENZHAN,JIAOZHICHENGWANGZHUANG。JIESHIZAOQIECHANLIANGFENGFU。3~6NIANSHENGYOUSHUJIKEKAIHUAJIESHI,MEIGE1~2NIANZHONGZIFENGSHOUYICI,15~40NIANSHENGSHI,DALIANGJIESHI,40NIANHOUZHUJIANSHUAITUI。CIHUAIZAIZHIHOUDI2~6NIANSHISHUGAOWANGSHENGSHENGZHANGGAOFENG,MEINIANGAOSHENGZHANGLIANGKEDA1.0~2.5MI,YUECHIXU3~4NIAN。ZHIJINGDEWANGSHENGSHENGZHANGQICHUXIANZAI5~10NIANJIAN,MEINIANPINGJUNSHENGZHANG0.9~2.7LIMI,JIAOHAOLIDITIAOJIANXIADEWANGSHENGSHENGZHANGQICHIXUSHIJIANZHANG。CAIJISHENGZHANGDEWANGSHENGQIZAI15~20NIANYIHOU,ZAIJIAOHAODELIDITIAOJIANXIANENGBAOCHIDAO40NIANYISHANG。

  ZAIDITUGUOYUZHANZHONGJIANYING、PAISHUIBULIANGDEZHANTU、CUSHATUSHANGSHENGZHANGBULIANG。SUIYOUYIDINGKANGHANNENGLI,DANZAIJIUHANBUYUDEYANZHONGGANHANJIJIEWANGWANGKUSHAO。BUNAISHUISHI。PAFENG。SHENGZHANGKUAI,SHISHIJIESHANGZHONGYAODESUSHENGSHUZHONG。GENQIAN,SHUGUANNONGMI。JIESHIZAO,CHANLIANGFENGFU。CAIJISHENGZHANGWANGQIZAI15~20NIANYIHOU,ZAIJIAOHAODELIDITIAOJIANXIA,NENGBAOCHIDAO40NIANYISHANG。ZAOLINZUIHAOXUANZEYOUSHUIJIAOTIAOJIAN、PAISHUILIANGHAO、SHENHOUFEIWODESHARANGTUYUMIAO。BOZHONGQIANXIANJINGRESHUIJINZHONG。YICHUNBOWEIZHU,DANCHUNJITEBIEGANHANDEDIFANGYEKEYUJIBOZHONG。ZAOLINFANGFAYINDIERYI:ZAIDONG、CHUNJIDUOFENG,BIJIAOGANZAOHANLENGDIQUKEZAIQIUJIHUOZAOCHUNCAIYONGJIEGANZAOLIN;ZAIQIHOUBIJIAOWENNUANSHIRUNERFENGSHAODEDIFANGKEDAIGANZAOLIN,YICHUNJIZAOLINWEIHAO。

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联系人:吴博军13613220840    郭娟15027808772  网址:mrichifun.com

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